Agriculture Transformation Index
NITI Aayog is working on an Agriculture Transformation Index, which will measure the performance of States across six pillars: inputs, sustainability, productivity and diversification, policy, preservation, processing and exports, and farmers’ income and welfare. The index is aimed at capturing the new policy paradigm in agriculture—at the core of which are sustainable intensification and increasing farmers’ income.
District Hospital Index
Despite the critical role of District hospitals in providing inclusive secondary-level healthcare services and the generous funds allocated to them under the National Health Mission, there is no comprehensive system to assess their performance based on their outcomes. Therefore, as per a framework designed by a working group, comprising Joint Secretary (Policy) Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; Adviser (Health) NITI Aayog; Principal Secretary (Health and ME) (Punjab); and WHO Representative to India, NITI Aayog undertook the exercise of tracking the performance of District hospitals based on outcomes. The National Accreditation Board of Hospitals–Quality Council of India (NABH-QCI) was selected for data validation through a competitive bidding process. The draft report is under compilation.
The first-ever Export Preparedness Index (EPI), launched in August 2020, and developed by NITI Aayog in partnership with the Institute for Competitiveness, ranks all States and Union Territories based on their export readiness and performance. EPI 2020 is based on four pillars: export policy; business environment; export infrastructure; and export performance.
The major objectives of EPI are:
1. Examining export preparedness and performance of Indian States
2. Identification of challenges and opportunities at State level
3. Enhancing the effectiveness of Government policies
4. Encouraging a facilitative regulatory framework
EPI can be used by States and UTs to benchmark their performance against their peers and analyse the potential challenges to develop better policy mechanisms to foster export-led growth at the sub-national level. The index will also provide analytical inputs to States and UTs to improve their understanding of future export opportunities.
Multidimensional Poverty Index
The global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) is an international measure of acute multidimensional poverty, covering over 100 developing countries. It was first developed in 2010 by Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and UNDP for inclusion in UNDP’s flagship Human Development Report in 2010. Since 2018, the global MPI provides guidance for the implementation and monitoring of SDG 1, which aims to ‘end poverty in all its forms everywhere’. Although often defined according to income, poverty can also be defined in terms of the deprivations people face in their daily lives. The global MPI scrutinizes a person’s deprivations over 10 indicators across the three dimensions of health, education and standard of living. It offers a high-resolution lens to identify those who are poor and the extent to which they are poor.
NITI Aayog has been assigned the nodal responsibility for the global MPI in India. As part of this mandate, NITI Aayog is responsible for monitoring progress, reviewing States’ and Union Territories’ rankings and performance, preparing reform action plans, and constructing an indigenized national MPI in collaboration with the publishing agencies, OPHI and UNDP. An indigenized national MPI, which will include national priorities that are not present in the original MPI framework, will provide opportunities to the Central and State Governments to understand multiple factors that are hindering growth and assist them in making interventions more effective, impactful and durable.
The inter-ministerial Multidimensional Poverty Index Coordination Committee (MPICC) was constituted by NITI Aayog for the purpose of developing reform action plans to address the pressing challenges of multidimensional poverty in the States and Union Territories. The MPICC was also responsible for the selection of indicators for the national MPI measure.
Global Innovation Index
NITI Aayog has been continuously working towards improving India’s ranking in the global indices, including the Global Innovation Index. The science and technology vertical is the nodal department in NITI with respect to improving India’s ranking in the Global Innovation Index. The vertical has been in touch with the publishing agency World Intellectual Property Organization as well as Line Ministries to address gaps in the availability of reliable data. NITI Aayog is also working proactively towards bringing policy interventions that could leverage India’s underlying potential. Due to NITI Aayog’s sustained efforts, India improved its global position from the 52nd position in 2019 to the 48th position in 2020. The S&T vertical is constantly in touch with top-ranking countries such as Switzerland and Sweden in the Global Innovation Index to understand their best practices for improving India’s ranking in the index.
India Innovation Index
The India Innovation Index is released by NITI Aayog, and the Institute for Competitiveness as knowledge partner, every year. The index attempts to create an extensive framework for the continuous evaluation of the innovation environment in all States and Union Territories; it ranks them based on their scores:
• NITI Aayog released the second edition on 20 January 2021.
• NITI Aayog is also handholding States and Union Territories in improving their ranking in the index, which will subsequently result in improvement of India’s ranking in the Global Innovation Index.
NITI Aayog had successfully released SEQI in September 2019. Now, as per the inputs received from various State Governments, the SEQI indicators will be revisited/revised in consultation with all stakeholders, and some new indicators will be prepared. The next version of SEQI will be released after the availability of the National Achievement Survey 2021 data.
SDG India Index
Given the federal structure of the country, and the division of powers and responsibilities between the Central and State Governments as per the Constitution, for the SDGs to be achieved at the national level, the States must play a leading role. Therefore, the approach of cooperative and competitive federalism has resulted in the concept of the SDG India Index, which is the world’s first Government-led sub-national measure of SDG progress. It measures the progress of all States and Union Territories in their journey towards achieving the SDGs. The first edition of the index was launched in December 2018; the second came out on 30 December 2019; and the third edition will soon be launched. A dashboard has been developed for the index, with interactive visualization, which is in the public domain. The dashboard is presently being upgraded with multiple new features and interactive user elements to further increase its utility.
The index adopts a methodology in which the status on each SDG, and the performance of every State and Union Territory, and that of the country, are measured on a scale of 0 to 100, where 100 implies achieving the target and 0 indicates the worst performance.
While the 2018 edition of the index covered 13 SDGs, the 2019 edition covered all of them, with ranking on 16 SDGs and a qualitative assessment of Goal 17. While the 2018 edition used 62 indicators, the 2019 edition included 100 indicators. The 2020 version of the index will include a greater number of indicators to improve the coverage of SDG targets.
State Energy Index
NITI Aayog is working on a State Energy Index to assess the performance of States based on indicators covering the discoms’ viability and competition, access, affordability and reliability of energy, clean energy initiatives, energy efficiency, and new initiatives. The tool will further improve States’ performance to efficiently manage their energy resources.
State Health Index
NITI Aayog, in collaboration with MoHFW and with technical assistance from the World Bank, has been spearheading the health index initiative since 2017 to measure the annual performance of States and Union Territories on a variety of indicators: health outcomes, governance and processes. The index aims to nudge States towards transformative action in the health sector. NITI Aayog is committed to establishing the health index as an annual systematic tool to focus the attention of the States/UTs on achieving better health outcomes. The index report for round two was released in June 2019; round three is in the final stage of release.
Read the last report here.
Composite Water Management Index
Work is underway on the third round of the index. Along with the third edition, NITI Aayog will also launch a new and comprehensive dashboard, with District-wise data in the water sector. A training session on the new dashboard was conducted on 17 November 2020 for all State nodal officers who will update the data on the portal.
Read the last report here.