With the lapse of the ordinance amending the Land Acquisition Act, 2013, it is an opportune time to take a fresh look at the land acquisition issue and look for ways forward. I begin with some clarifications.
One goal of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) is better sanitation, building toilets and an end to open defecation. There is a history to SBM, in the form of earlier programmes and schemes. Since October 2014, SBM has been coordinated by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS), with sub-components of SBM (Gramin) and SBM (Urban).
"Over a period of time, partly due to administrative needs and partly due to compulsions of coalition politics, there has been a significant proliferation of Ministers and Departments in almost all the States. This proliferation has led to administrative fragmentation." This is a quote from the 15th Report (2009) of the 2nd Administrative Reforms Commission.
Land leasing laws relating to rural agricultural land in Indian states were overwhelmingly enacted during decades immediately following the independence. At the time, the abolition of Zamindari and redistribution of land to the tiller were the highest policy priorities.
There can be little disagreement that the fastest relief to the poor in India would come from productivity growth in agriculture. This is where nearly half of the workforce is employed. With the share of agriculture in the GDP at about 15 percent now, this half of the workforce is also significantly poorer than the other half, employed in industry and services.
by Prof. Ramesh Chand, Member, NITI Aayog