To Institutionalise a focus on Health and Education outcomes and for better management and utilization of Water resources, NITI Aayog has prepared State-wise Key Performance Indicators for States across the three sectors to encourage positive competition and to propel States and UTs to innovate to improve outcomes.
Availability of both surface and ground water varies from one region to another. In view of limitations on availability of water resources and rising demand for water, sustainable management of water resources has acquired critical importance. NITI Aayog has developed a Composite Water Management Index as a useful tool to assess and further improve the performance in efficient management of water resources.
The index aims to provide useful information for the States and also for the concerned Central Ministries/Departments enabling them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources.
The Index has a set of 28 Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) covering irrigation status, drinking water and other water-related sectors. Critical areas such as source augmentation; major and medium irrigation; watershed development; participatory irrigation practices; sustainable on-farm water use practices; rural drinking water; urban water supply and sanitation; and policy & governance have been accorded high priority.
In order to bring about transformational change in population health through a spirit of cooperative and competitive federalism, NITI Aayog has spearheaded the Health Index initiative, to measure the annual performance of States and UTs, and rank States on the basis of incremental change, while also providing and overall status of States’ performance and helping identify specific areas of improvement.
The State-level ‘School Education Quality Index’ (SEQI) focuses on improving education outcomes (learning, access, equity) in India. It recognizes that school education is a subject on the Concurrent List and State-level leadership is critical for improving outcomes in cost-effective ways.
SEQI comprises a set of indicators that critically influence the overall effectiveness and efficiency of the school education sector. The SEQI is means to an end, so as to focus on improving teaching and learning in schools. It provides insights into each State/UT’s strengths, weaknesses, and areas requiring more focused action and resources.