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Achievements in the year 2017-18

I. Responsibilities

The Skill Development and Employment unit deals with issues of skill development, job creation, labour reforms and social safety net. The unit closely works with Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and the Ministry of Labour and Employment in coordinating, formulating, processing, appraisal, analysis and monitoring of various schemes, programs and projects with major focus on making India the skill capital of the world and improving labour market conditions both for the employer and the employees. The unit collaborates with international bodies and experts to identify critical issues and come out with suggestions for making improvements and necessary mid-course corrections in the initiatives. These are reflected in the research work of the division.


II. Initiatives

1. Best Practices in Skill Development: NITI Aayog’s mandate has been to disseminate best practices across States. As an effort towards this, the Skill Development & Employment Division published a Compendium ‘Skilling for Employability: Best Practices’ highlighting best practices overcoming challenges such as equity, access, quality and relevance in the government, civil society and private sectors.

2. New India Agenda:  The SDE unit organised Working Group meetings and drafted chapters on Employment, Skill Development and Labour Regulations for the Development Agenda for New India @75.

3. Appraisal of Cabinet Notes, SFCs and EFCs: Proposals in the form of Cabinet notes/EFC/SFC for various initiatives by Ministries of Labour & Employment and Skill Development having bearing on employability; livelihood opportunities; labour market flexibility; social safety; conditions of work etc. were received in the unit. The same were appraised and comments were sent with the approval of competent authorities to the administrative ministries.

Some of the important proposals appraised include:



  • Strengthening the Apprenticeship Ecosystem in India

  • North East Rural Livelihood Project.

  • Upgradation of Existing Government Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) into Model Industrial Training Institutes

  • Re-structuring of National Skill Development Fund (NSDF) and National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) to strengthen governance, implementation and monitoring framework

  • Memorandum on National Career Service Centre for Differently Abled

  • National Career Service Project/Employment Exchanges Mission Mode Project (EEMMP)


Labour Acts

  • Amendments to the certain provisions of the Plantations Labour Act, 1951


4. Research

The Skill Development & Employment Vertical worked on various policy papers:

  • ‘Road map for Improving Employment Statistics in India’: the paper examines the existing sources of data on employment, their advantages and shortfalls and suggests alternative data sources for capturing changes in employment trends.

  • Streamlining Apprenticeship Training in India: Recommendations were made for streamlining the apprenticeship ecosystem, particularly the National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) and National Apprenticeship Training Scheme (NATS).

  • Parameters for Monitoring the Progress in UTs under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), the Flagship Scheme for skill development.

  • Draft Paper onNational Training Fund- A Special Purpose Vehicle: The paper recommends the Setting up of a National Training Fund for optimum utilisation of scarce resources and improving the output and outcome of skill training in the country.

  • PPP Models in Skill Development across the World and their applicability to India

  • Skill Development Indicators - An approach towards monitoring the skill delivery system:  The Skill Development Indicators conceptualised by SDE unit, NITI Aayog aim to help thestates to quantify the output, outcome and impact of the programmes. The indicators would serve to be an effective monitoring mechanism on the performances of skill development.

  • Analysis of data on employment generation through the MUDRA scheme

  • Youth: A Change Agent: published in Yojana

  • Rural Transformation & Digital Technology: published in Kurukshetra

  • India’s Women in the Workforce

  • Job Creation in India- Challenges and Strategies - CII publication

  • ‘Revitalising the Skill and Employment Ecosystem: Budget 2017-18,’ Blog for NITI Aayog website, Available at:


5. Miscellaneous Activities

Besides the above activities, database was compiled for over 50 entrepreneurship schemes of GoI and a proposal was submitted for the development of a web/mobile application. There are regular interactions with ILO experts on issues concerning labour market reforms, Skill Development Indicators, formalisation of the informal sector, strengthening social security and so on.