Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) has been conceived by the Central Government with a vision to ensure access to some means of protective irrigation for all agricultural farms in the country. The fourth meeting of the Council of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) was held under the chairmanship of CEO, NITI Aayog on 14.12.2018. In the meeting, the progress of various components of PMKSY was reviewed and decisions were taken to expedite the implementation of various components so as to deliver the objective of Har-Khet-Ko-Pani. Among the 99 prioritized projects under PMKSY- AIBP scheme , 31 Priority projects have already been completed/ almost completed by June 2018.
Development of Hybrid Annuity PPP model
In order to accelerate the pace of micro irrigation development in the country, NITI Aayog-Water resource division has assisted in the development of Hybrid Annuity model with Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) to provide water to every field. The pilot project based on that concept is being implemented in Haryana and circulated to all states for replication and adoption as per the local needs.
Siang Multi-Purpose River Valley Project
To harness the hydro power potential in North-East part of India, the Multi-Purpose River Valley Project on Siang River in Arunachal Pradesh has been proposed by MoWR, RD&GR. It is apprehended that run of the river type hydro-electric projects being envisaged on Siang river would become unviable if non monsoon flow decreases because of unforeseen reasons and therefore the single storage project of 9.2 BCM may be developed. Subsequently Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog held a meeting with the Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh and his cabinet colleagues along with the Central Ministries. Efforts are on to convince the project affected persons for the single largest project and also to provide them with better R&R packages unlike those like Sardar Sarovar Project Gujarat and Tehri Dam, Uttarakhand.
Water Management Index
In pursuit of cooperative and competitive federalism, NITI Aayog has been laying emphasis on developing indicators on various social sectors. As a step in this direction and keeping in view the criticality of water for life, NITI Aayog has prepared a report on Composite Water Management Index (CWMI). The Report was launched on 14th June 2018 by Shri Nitin Gadkari, Minister for Road Transport & Highways, Shipping and Water Resources and Dr. Rajiv Kumar, Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog. It has been circulated to all states.
CEO NITI Aayog has also chaired a National workshop on CWMI, Round II of which was held in August 2018. This being an annual exercise, states have already initiated the uploading the data set on web portal, for round II i.e. 2017-18.
The Water and Land Resources Vertical has assisted DMEO, NITI Aayog in the preparation of Water & land Resource part of Output-Outcome Budget (2018-19). The same is communicated to the Ministry of Water Resources, RD &GR and DoLR.
Compendium of Best Practices
A compendium of best practices in various States in the area of water resources and management has been prepared and has been uploaded on the NITI Aayog website. The preparation of second compendium for best practices for the states where innovation triggered as a consequence of data compilation for CWMI is in progress.
Committee on North East Water Resources
High Level Committee for proper management of water resources in the North Eastern Region has been set up under the chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog. The committee has prepared an action plan for development of water resources in the region including for hydro power, inland transport, irrigation and drinking water. The committee has recommended setting up a new entity i.e North Eastern Water Management Authority (NEWMA) parallel to Brahmaputra Board for the proper management of water resources in North Eastern Region. The report of the expert committee for suggesting immediate measures for proper management of water resources in North Eastern India and the draft report of the High Level committee have already been submitted and circulated to the states for their views and suggestions.
Revitalization of rivers
The Vertical has developed an action plan to revitalize the rivers of India. The Action Plan envisages the methodologies for revitalization, various measures to be taken, convergence of various on-going schemes under the various central Ministries. It also contains the policy reforms with specific timelines and the way forward which could be considered by the Central and State Governments along with the programmes for undertaking the works of revitalization of rivers. Subsequently, NITI Aayog has issued an advisory to States along with Programme of Action (POA) prepared by Department of Rural Development in collaboration of NITI Aayog.
Atal Bhujal Mission
After experiencing the problems of over exploitation of ground water and absence of common resource pool concept, WR and LR Vertical of NITI Aayog along with MoWR, RD & GR has initiated Atal Bhujal Mission to develop and replicate the sustainable Ground Water Development with the assistance of Rs.3000 crore with World Bank. The scheme however is yet to be approved by the cabinet.
Drought Proofing of Bundelkahand Region of Uttar Pradesh
A team led by CEO, NITI Aayog has made a presentation to Hon’ble Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh to undertake the drought proofing works in two districts of the state in collaboration with the Bhartiya Jain Sanghatana- a well-established NGO of Maharashtra which has incredible experience in the field of drought proofing of districts in Maharashtra. In the initiative, machine and technical support is provided by BJS and other logistic and expenses of diesel for JCB, and other related machineries is to be provided by the State Government and district administration. The farmers will carry the dredged material for spreading in their fields to add the fertility of the fields.
Report on Land Titling
A Draft report of the Committee on “Land Titling- A Way forward” has been prepared in consultation with the concerned ministries and departments, and states. The report has been shared with the States to follow the concept of conclusive land titling.
Model Agriculture Land Leasing Act
An Expert Committee was constituted by NITI Aayog for preparing a model Agriculture land Leasing Act based on the critical review of the existing agriculture tenancy laws of the States and keeping in view the need to legalize land leasing. NITI Aayog’s Model Agricultural Land Leasing Act, 2016 specifically provides a legal and institutional framework for legalization of agricultural land leasing which will encourage landowners to lease out land, without any fear of losing landownership right and also enable the lessee cultivators to access institutional credit, insurance, disaster relief etc., using written lease agreement. Following NITI Aayog’s Model Act, Uttarakhand has already amended its law which not only allows leasing out agricultural land for agriculture and allied activities, by all categories of land owners, but also specifically mentions that lessee cultivators will be entitled to access institutional credit and other benefits provided by Central and State government to farmers. Uttar Pradesh also has recently legalized land leasing without specifically indicating the eligibility or entitlement of lessee cultivators to access credit. But even their understanding is that if there is a written lease agreement as a proof of cultivation on lease basis, banks and other financial institutions would advance loans to them. Earlier, Andhra Pradesh also passed a law (AP Land Licensed Cultivators Act, 2011) for facilitating tenant cultivators access to loan and other support services. Once the Hon’ble President gives his assent, the agricultural land leasing would become legal in both Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra which will help in the utilization of fallow land and also in enabling the lessee cultivators to access institutional credit, insurance and other support services.