The Industry Vertical deals with issues relating to the manufacturing sector. The main activities of the Industry vertical during the current year has been in the following areas:
- Make in India
- International Cooperation (Refer to the section on Think Tank Activities of the report for detailed information)
- Knowledge, innovation and entrepreneurial support systems (Refer to the section on Think Tank Activities of the report for detailed information)
- Conferences, events and important meetings
- Reports and discussion/ approach papers
- Representation of NITI Aayog in various Committees and Development Councils
1. Make in India
Industry Vertical was involved in preparation of policy papers and recommendations in the following areas:
National Strategy on Artificial Intelligence:
Recognising AI’s potential to transform economies and the need for India to strategise its approach, Hon’ble Finance Minister, in his budget speech for 2018 – 2019, mandated NITI Aayog to establish the National Program on AI, with a view to guiding the research and development in new and emerging technologies.
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In pursuance of the above, NITI Aayog has adopted a three-pronged approach – undertaking exploratory proof-of-concept AI projects in various areas, crafting a national strategy for building a vibrant AI ecosystem in India and collaborating with various experts and stakeholders. Since the start of this year, NITI Aayog has partnered with several leading AI technology players to implement AI projects in critical areas such as agriculture and health.
NITI Aayog after having round of consultations released a discussion paper on National Strategy on Artificial Intelligence on its website on 4th June 2018.
The Strategy is termed #AIForAll as it is focused on leveraging AI for inclusive growth in line with the Government policy of Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas. Role of the Government has been clearly delineated to develop the research ecosystem, promote adoption and address skilling challenges. The strategy also flags important issues like ethics, bias and privacy issues relating to AI and envisions Government promoting research in technology to address these concerns. The focus is on sectors like agriculture, health and education where public investment and lead would be necessary.
National Maritime Policy:
India is the sixteenth largest maritime country in the world with 14,500 kms of inland waterways, its 18% population residing in the 77 coastal districts of 9 states and 4 Union Territories (UTs), 1300 islands. The prevailing ground situation is that the approach to maritime affairs is sectoral. This has resulted in the suboptimal management of the country’s marine resources, its maritime industry, its maritime security, and the emerging ‘Blue Economy’. NITI Aayog has constituted a drafting committee under the Chairmanship of Admiral R K Dhowan (Retd) to prepare a National Maritime Policy. The policy would be the instrument to integrate and coordinate multifarious activities in the maritime sector.
Material Recycling Policy:
India ranks poorly in material recycling vis a vis global benchmarks. Enhancing material recycling rates will help India decouple its growth story from dependence upon primary resource / material consumption whilst simultaneously adding value to the economy and protecting the environment.
NITI Aayog initiated detailed consultation with industry-both formal and informal, associations and technology institutes, NGOs etc. in material recycling sector to appreciate the diverse issues comprehensively. The broad objective of these interactions was to prepare a National Material Recycling Policy through wider consultations with stakeholders. Towards this end, one International Conference on Sustainable Growth through Material Recycling: Policy Prescriptions was held on 06th August, 2018 which attracted more than 400 delegates and forty five speakers who shared global best practices. In addition three sectoral National Conferences were held with the Industry association on various specific issues related to material recycling in India.
A draft policy laying out a clear vision, identifying specific missions and setting quantitative and qualitative objectives to be realized by 2022 is under deliberation. The draft policy provides a roadmap on how India will collect, segregate, sort and process End-of-Life (EOL) products, scraps and waste by putting in place the most appropriate governance structure, technologies and approaches to reduce waste and maximise recovery of materials for reuse.
Requirements for Operation of Civil Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems
NITI Aayog has closely coordinated with the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Ministry of Civil Aviation for the promulgation of the Civil Aviation Requirements Circular. The Circular, which was stalled for some time, will now be effective from 01 December 2018.
Working Group on Promoting Bicycles in India
There are immense possibilities to promote the manufacturing and use of bicycles in the country. This would not only promote healthy lifestyle but more importantly would contribute to the economic development in numerous ways. The household cycle ownership has been increasing at a very slow rate of less than 3% per year over the last 10 years. In this background, NITI Aayog has set up a Working Group to examine potential, challenges and roadblocks in promoting Bicycles; and to recommend measures to address them. The report of the working group is under finalization.
2. International Cooperation
The Industry vertical facilitated a number of international dialogues to collaborate with the international community of experts, practitioners and other partners to foster an environment of knowledge and innovation. Some interactions also lead to signing of Statements of Intent (SoIs) or Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) which put in place frameworks for further engagements with stakeholders to test innovative technologies or proof of concepts in high impact areas.
- Statement of Intent (SOI) between NITI Aayog and the Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS), U K.
- Signing of MoU between India and Russia
- Statements of Intent (SOIs) signed by NITI Aayog
- SoI with NASSCOM
- NITI-IBM SoI
- SoI with Oracle for blockchain in Pharma
- SoI between NITI Aayog and Google
- Toolkit for NLP in Indic Languages
- GNFC SoI on Blockchain
- UK Healthcare SoI
- SoI with Nvidia
- SoI with Perlin
- SoI with SatSure Analytics India Pvt. Ltd
- Development of Cancer BioBank project in collaboration with Tata Memorial Hospital, IIT Bombay and IISc.
- Govt of Maharashtra on Frontier Technologies
- Model International Center for Transformative Artificial Intelligence (ICTAI) in collaboration with Intel and TIFR
- Natural Language Processing project in collaboration with Dr. Pushpak Bhattacharyya (IIT-Patna) and International Innovation Corps (University of Chicago)
3. Conferences, events and important meetings
Following conferences, events and important meetings were organized by Industry Vertical in NITI Aayog:
- NITI Aayog launched MoveHack, a global mobility hackathon to crowd source solutions aimed at the future of mobility in India. MoveHack was focused on 10 themes. The hackathon was organized in partnership with PwC as Knowledge Partner and NASSCOM as the Strategic Partner. MoveHack aimed to bring about innovative, dynamic and scalable solutions to problems pertaining to mobility. The top 30 teams shortlisted form the online submissions were mentored by experts. The top 30 teams participate in the final round held in New Delhi on 5 and 6 September, 2018. The evaluations was done by jury comprising of subject matter experts, venture capitalists, business leaders and successful entrepreneurs. The winners were announced during the Move Summit 2018, which was also organized by NITI Aayog on 7 and 8 September 2018 in New Delhi.
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- An International Conference on Sustainable Growth through Material Recycling: Policy Prescriptions was held on 6 August, 2018. Union Minister of Road Transport, Highways & Ganga Rejuvenation, Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog, CEO, NITI Aayog and renowned experts from all over the world in material recycling took part in the deliberations at the conference. The conference structured around 5 technical sessions on “Circular Economy in Material Recycling”, “Infrastructural Issues in Recycling Industry”, “Standardization and certification in Recycling Industry”, “Environmental Benefits of Material Recycling”, “Financial and Taxation issues in Recycling Industry”, “Financial and Taxation issues in Recycling Industry”. The conference attracted more than 400 delegates and forty five speakers who shared global best practices.
- NITI Aayog-ORF AI for All 2018 Conference: A conference AI for All in association with Observer Research Foundation (ORF) was organized on November 15-16, 2018 in Mumbai. The event was co-chaired by CEO, NITI Aayog; President, ORF; Adviser, NITI Aayog and Professor Wendell Wallach, consultant, ethicist and scholar at Yale University’s Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics. The themes around which deliberations took place included exploring the impact of AI on geopolitics, skilling and training, accountability, data infrastructure and the military.
4. Representation of NITI Aayog in various Committees and Development Councils
The Industry Vertical represents NITI Aayog in the following Committees and Development Councils:
- Review Committee on Public Procurement Policy constituted by MSME
- Steering Committee of MSE- Cluster Development Programme (CDP)
- Project Appraisal and Monitoring Committee (PAMC) of North East Region (NER) Textile Promotion Scheme by Ministry of Textiles
- Project Scrutiny Committee for Scheme for Integrated Textile Park (SITP)
- Project Scrutiny Committee for Integrated Textile Processing Development Scheme (IPDS)
- Inter-Ministerial Steering Committee (IMSC) on Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme (TUFS)
- Empowered Committee constituted under Indian Leather Development Programme constituted by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion
- Inter-Ministerial Committee (IMC) on MOU constituted by Department of Public Enterprises
- Apex Committee constituted for scheme on ‘Enhancement of Competitiveness in the ‘Indian Capital Goods Sector’ by Department of Heavy Industry
- Project Approval and Monitoring Committee (PAMC) for Mega Clusters for Handloom and Handicraft Sector under chairmanship of Secretary (Textiles)
- Development Council for Automobiles and Allied industries (DCAAI) under the chairmanship of Secretary, Department of Heavy Industry
- Development Council for Machine Tools Industry
- Development Council for Textile Machinery Industry
Following Committees, which have CEO level participation of NITI Aayog, are serviced by the Industry Vertical:
- High Power Committee (HPC) on MOUs with CPSEs
- Apex Committee of Secretaries for recommendations on conferment/divestment of Navratna status to CPSE.
- Board of Trustees of National Industrial Corridor Development Authority (NICDA).