NITI Aayog has been constituted to actualize the important goal of cooperative federalism and to enable good governance in India to build a strong nation state.
Two key features of Cooperative Federalism are: joint focus on the national development agenda by the Centre and States; and advocacy of State perspectives with Central Ministries.
At the fourth Governing Council Meeting of NITI Aayog, held on 17 June 2018, the Prime Minister once again highlighted the importance of NITI Aayog as a platform to inspire cooperative federalism, stressing on the need for effective center-state cooperation to advance development outcomes and achieve double-digit and inclusive growth for India.
It is the constant endeavor of NITI Aayog to evolve a shared vision of national priorities, sectors, and strategies with the active involvement of States, wherein States are equal stakeholders in the planning process as well. In keeping with this the present Vice Chairman of NITI Aayog, Dr. Rajiv Kumar committed himself to visit all States, to develop and offer a platform for resolution of inter-sectoral and inter-departmental issues in order to accelerate the implementation of the development agenda.
NITI Aayog has also established models and programmes for development of infrastructure and to reignite and establish Private Public Partnership, such as the Centre-State partnership model: Development Support Services to States (DSSS); and the Sustainable Action For Transforming Human Capital (SATH) programme which is designed to help States improve their social sector indicators by providing them technical support.
Further, with the aim of correcting regional developmental imbalance, NITI Aayog has taken special steps for regions needing special attention and support, like the North Eastern States , Island States and hilly Himalayan States by constituting special forums to identify their specific constraints, formulating special policies to ensure sustainable development takes place in these regions while also protecting their abundant natural resources.