The need for an efficient and independent evaluation mechanism in India was recognized by the planners and policy-makers right from the introduction of planning process in the country and resultantly, the Programme Evaluation Organization was established by the Government in 1952 to carry out independent and objective impact evaluation of the Central Government funded programmes.
ii. Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office
The Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office (DMEO) was established by the Government on 18th September, 2015 as an attached office of the NITI Aayog by merging the erstwhile Programme Evaluation Organization and the Independent Evaluation Office. The DMEO is headed by the Director General who is equivalent to an Additional Secretary to the Government of India. To ensure that DMEO is able to function independently and effectively, it has been provided with separate budgetary allocations and manpower in addition to complete functional autonomy. It has total 157 posts out of which 102 are professional staff and the remaining are support staff.
iii. Functions of DMEO
DMEO has been mandated “to actively monitor and evaluate the implementation of the programmes and initiatives of the Government of India, including the identification of the needed resources so as to strengthen the probability of the success and scope of delivery”.
The functions of DMEO are broadly represented through the diagram given below:
iv. Organizational Structure of DMEO
At the NITI Aayog level, the programme evaluation work is being looked after under the overall guidance of the Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog. In addition to the Director General, the DMEO has been provided with 4 Deputy Director Generals (SAG level) to look after the functional mandate in addition to the Joint Secretary (Adm.& Fin.) who is to provide administrative and logistics support. The Headquarter of DMEO is in NITI Aayog. New Delhi.
DMEO had 15 Regional Offices known as Regional Development Monitoring and Evaluation Offices (RDMEOs). Each RDMEO was headed by a Director level officer. RDMEOs conducted field surveys and data/ information collection work for evaluation studies, and they also played an important role in promoting cooperative federalism by their interaction with the States and UT administrations. However, keeping in view the changed functional requirements, they were closed w.e.f. 30-Sep-2017 and the staff were transferred to DMEO Hqrs in New Delhi.