Health System for A New India: Building Blocks
India, over the years, has made significant improvements in increasing life expectancy, reducing child and maternal mortality and tackling other existing and emerging health priorities. Further, there is a strong political commitment towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals of Good Health and Well-being for all Indians by 2030, which is articulated and strategized in the National Health Policy of 2017.
In line with the SDG framework for achieving universal health coverage, financial risk protection, and access to essential quality health care services, the Government of India has initiated several reforms within its health system.
The recently launched AYUSHMAN Bharat program envisions providing comprehensive health care to reduce out-of-pocket expenditure and to promote overall health and well-being of the population. This bold reform aims to strengthen access to integrated and high-quality secondary and tertiary health care while also focusing on preventive and primary health services.
Other major programs like Transformation of Aspirational Districts, National Nutrition Mission (POSHAN Abhiyan), and the Swachh Bharat Mission are playing an important role in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals.
To implement these reforms well, there is a need for continuous engagement between the government and different stakeholders from across the health care ecosystem to realize a long-term vision towards building strong supporting institutional systems.
NITI Aayog, the policy think-tank of the Government of India, in keeping with its manadate to foster stakeholder involvement and coordinate the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, has initiated a series of consultations called the 'Development Dailogues'. As a part of its health agenda, NITI Aayog has, over last one year, facilitated several dialogues and conversations amongst Indian and global academia and researchers to provide an in-depth analysis and diagnosis and reflections on the key building blocks of the Indian health system.
This Conference on a Health System for a New India is the culmination of this efforts and the beginning of a series of formal deliberations.