It is generally agreed that a key element in the transformation of India is the creation of a large number of good jobs. While micro and small enterprises provide lots of jobs, consistent with their low productivity, they pay relatively low wages.
The Forest Act of 1927 and Forest Conservation Act of 1980 offer a good example of how good intentions can sometimes lead to unintended adverse outcomes.
In his parting speech to the erstwhile Planning Commission on 30th April 2014, the then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had stated, “Are we still using tools and approaches which were designed for a different era?
Fruits and vegetables gives 4-10 times the return from other crop groups namely cereals, pulses and oilseeds. A study on sources of growth indicate that diversification towards horticultural crops is the most powerful factor in raising growth rate of GDP agriculture.
At a time when environmental degradation was hardly an issue, Mahatma Gandhi had famously said that earth provided enough to satisfy every man's need, but not his greed. India has therefore rightly chosen the birth anniversary of the Mahatma to announce its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to combat climate change.
Onion price shocks are hitting India frequently and they are getting severe. It is ironical that sharp price spikes are experienced almost every third year despite impressive growth in onion production in the country which has risen from below 5.5 million tonne till 2002-03 to above 19 million tonne in the recent years.
With the lapse of the ordinance amending the Land Acquisition Act, 2013, it is an opportune time to take a fresh look at the land acquisition issue and look for ways forward. I begin with some clarifications.
One goal of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) is better sanitation, building toilets and an end to open defecation. There is a history to SBM, in the form of earlier programmes and schemes. Since October 2014, SBM has been coordinated by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS), with sub-components of SBM (Gramin) and SBM (Urban).
"Over a period of time, partly due to administrative needs and partly due to compulsions of coalition politics, there has been a significant proliferation of Ministers and Departments in almost all the States. This proliferation has led to administrative fragmentation." This is a quote from the 15th Report (2009) of the 2nd Administrative Reforms Commission.
Land leasing laws relating to rural agricultural land in Indian states were overwhelmingly enacted during decades immediately following the independence. At the time, the abolition of Zamindari and redistribution of land to the tiller were the highest policy priorities.