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Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Child health

  • 17,000 fewer children die each day than in 1990, but more than six million children still die before their fifth birthday each year.

  • Since 2000, measles vaccines have averted nearly 15.6 million deaths.

  • Despite global progress, an increasing proportion of child deaths are in sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia. Four out of every five deaths of children under age five occur in these regions.

  • India’s Under Five Mortality (U5MR) declined from 125 per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 49 per 1,000 live births in 2013.

 

Maternal health

  • Globally, maternal mortality has fallen by almost 50% since 1990.

  • In Eastern Asia, Northern Africa and Southern Asia, maternal mortality has declined by around two-thirds. But, the maternal mortality ratio – the proportion of mothers that do not survive childbirth compared to those who do – in developing regions is still 14 times higher than in the developed regions.

  • Only half of women in developing regions receive the recommended amount of health care.

  • From a Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) of 437 per 100,000 live births in 1990-91, India came down to 167 in 2009. Delivery in institutional facilities has risen from 26% in 1992-93 to 72% in 2009.

 

HIV/AIDS

  • By 2014, there were 13.6 million people accessing antiretroviral therapy, an increase from just 800,000 in 2003.

  • New HIV infections in 2013 were estimated at 2.1 million, which was 38% lower than in 2001.

  • At the end of 2013, there were an estimated 35 million people living with HIV.

  • At the end of 2013, 240,000 children were newly infected with HIV.

  • India has made significant strides in reducing the prevalence of HIV and AIDS across different types of high-risk categories. Adult prevalence has come down from 0.45 percent in 2002 to 0.27 in 2011.