NITI Aayog acts to allow states to deepen their policy engagement with the Central Government. For this purpose, NITI’s Governing council includes Chief Ministers of all States and Lieutenant Governors/ Administrators of Union Territories. Taking the involvement of States in the country’s policy decisions a step further, we have also constituted Sub-Groups of Chief Ministers to settle complex issues.
In its very first year, NITI Aayog hosted three sub-groups of Chief Ministers on three crucial policy issues – Swachch Bharat, Skill Development and Centrally-Sponsored Schemes. Through these, the views of state governments were incorporated directly into the policies of the Union Government on these subjects. The reports of these sub-groups bear testimony to the success of resolving contentious issues through negotiation and persuasion, rather than prescription. For the first time, the sub-groups of Chief Ministers cut across their own state’s interests to build consensus on policies for the Union and every state and Union Territory.
In a paradigmatic shift from the command and control approach of the past, NITI Aayog accommodates diverse points of view in a collaborative, rather than confrontationist, setting. In the spirit of federalism, NITI’s own policy thinking too is shaped by a ‘bottom-up’ approach rather than a ‘top-down’ model.